Among the many traditional African sports in Guinea-Bissau, wrestling is among the oldest and most popular. The fusion mix of martial arts training and a rite of passage, the country made its Olympic debut at the 1996 Atlanta Games, where it competed in wrestling events.

Football is another popular Western sport in Guinea-Bissau. Since 1986 its football federation has been a member of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). Basketball has also developed a following, and the national federation is affiliated with the International Basketball Federation. 

Diving and swimming are popular on the country’s islands, and excellent fishing conditions can be found in the rivers and coastal areas. 


Picture source from Aljazeera. Click          to read the full article.

Sports and recreation

The Iris Carnival 

Music and Dance

Music is an important part for the different ethic groups as it is used widely. Be it traditional ceremonial music used in funeral, initiation and spiritual ritual or the song of praise, work, play and declaration of love, young children were given a musical instrument, thought to sing and dance, rather then given a book to read.

There are numerous musical instrument in Guinea-Bissau but the most prevalent means of producing music is with the human body. Through singing, hand-clapping and rows of jinglers attached to dancer’s bodies, these provides another important source of musical sound that is often overlooked.

The traditional dance apparel in Guinea-Bissau can be considered among the most elaborate and beautiful in the world. Dancers wore costumes made of dried grass, large horned mask, head dresses made from palm leaves and hang streamer from their arms. 

In the recent years, however, dancers tend to dress in modern clothing while wearing shell necklaces, or wearing modern party elements and hair dye with a blend of traditional clothing to show off a fashion fusion of the past and the present, co-exist.

The Iris Carnival is a cultural extravaganza that explodes onto the streets of the capital during February or March every year when the weather is also at its most pleasant, and takes place over the four days before Lent – a period of 40 days which comes before Easter in the Christian calendar beginning on Ash Wednesday. Although only about 10% of the population call themselves Christian, this carnival has been going for so long that everyone in the city comes together to celebrate, a uniquely local ethnic traditions combined with a Portuguese date.

Being in Guinea-Bissau, various different tribes charter wooden boats and battered trucks to represents motorised cavalcades seen in the grand carnivals of Rio or Venice, expensive costumes or amplified music was replaced by ostumes made of shells, cow horns, leaves and traditional instruments made of wood and bamboo, known as Calabash, or bottle gourd.